Cathedral of St. James in Šibenik
The Cathedral of St. James (Croatian: Katedrala sv. Jakova) is located on the Dalmatian coast in city of Šibenik. It is the most important architectural monument of the Renaissance in Croatia and since 2000, the Cathedral has been on the UNESCO World Heritage List. St. James is a triple-nave basilica with three apses and a dome (32 m high inside).
The three architects who succeeded one another in the construction of the Cathedral - Francesco di Giacomo, Georgius Mathei Dalmaticus and Niccolò di Giovanni Fiorentino - developed a structure built entirely from limestone and marble and using unique construction techniques for the vaulting and the dome of the Cathedral. The barrel roof is made from a line of enormous stone slabs. The execution of the cupola is considered one of the best achievements of Renaissance architecture. The form and the decorative elements of the Cathedral, such as a remarkable frieze decorated with 71 sculptured faces of men, women, and children, also illustrate the successful fusion of Gothic and Renaissance art.
Inside the cathedral there are four large, evenly matched columns on which the dome rests. The sides of the famous Altar of the Holy Cross (Sveti Križ) are decorated with reliefs of two angels holding the scroll of Nikola Firentinac, set into shell-shaped niches. It is interesting that this cathedral has no bell-tower. A tower on the adjoining city walls served this purpose.
Linked to: Fortresses in Šibenik