Showing posts from April, 2017

Kutna Hora - the Medieval silver mining town

Beautiful Czech town of Kutná Hora is possibly the most popular and probably the most rewarding destination for a day trip from Prague. The town is worth a full day’s visit at any time of year. It lies about 80 kilometres east of Prague and it is easy to navigate.

History of Kutna Hora Enriched by the silver ore that veined the surrounding hills, the medieval city of Kutná Hora became the seat of royal mint in 1308, producing silver groschen that was then the currency of Central Europe. Kutná Hora rivalled Prague in importance, but by the 16th century the mines began to run dry, and its demise was hastened by the Thirty Years’ War and a devastating fire in 1770.  The Kutná Hora historical town centre with the Church of St. Barbara and the Cathedral of Our Lady at Sedlec are part of the UNESCO World Heritage List (from 1996).

Gothic Cathedral of St Barbara and Barborska street Kutná Hora’s greatest monument is the Gothic Cathedral of St Barbara. Construction was begun in 1380, interrup…


Inowłódz is one of the oldest towns in Poland. It lies in central Poland, approximately 60 km south-east of the regional capital Łódź. It ist located on the banks of Pilica river. The river was the border between two historic provinces of Poland - Lesser Poland and the Land of Łęczyca. Furthermore, a few kilometres to the northeast lies the province of Mazovia. The Inowłódz river crossing was an important element of an international merchant route from Torun towards the Kingdom of Hungary. 

The history of Inowłódz Inowłódz was first mentioned in documents from 1145 but the village was granted town rights in the mid-14th century. In 1370, the town was surrounded by a defensive wall, and a stronghold was built. For the first time, the castle is mentioned in the 14th-century chronicle as a fortress founded by the Casimir III the Great (Kazimierz III Wielki). Casimir III the Great was the Polish king from the Piast dynasty - the first historical ruling dynasty of Poland. Castle origin dat…

Zamoyski Palace in Zamość

Zamość is one of the most beautiful towns in Poland (read more about Beautiful Polish towns and cities to visit). One of the most interesting buildings in the town is the former Zamoyski Palace. Although the palace lost much of its character and it is closed to the public but it is one of the most impressive buildings in Zamość. This palace was the main residence of the hetman Jan Zamoyski - Polish nobleman, magnate and founder of Zamość.

Jan Zamoyski (1542-1605) is considered to be one of the most prominent statesmen in Polish history. He is also remembered as one of the most accomplished Polish military commanders. His most prized creation was the city of Zamość, founded in 1580, built and designed as a Renaissance "citta ideale" or "ideal city" by the Italian architect Bernardo Morando (read some more at Zamość - the ideal city).

The Zamoyski Palace in Zamość was erected in 1579-1586. Bernardo Morando designed the palace at the western end of the main axis of t…

Happy Easter!

Happy Easter! May it be filled with lots of love, joy and beautiful photographs!

Teutonic stronghold in Ostróda, Poland

Ostróda is a town in the Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship in Poland. It lies in the west of the historic Masuria region on the River Drwęca, and on the banks of Lake Drwęckie (read more: Drwęca Lake in Ostróda). The first Teutonic Order stronghold in the area comes from 1270. This was a wooden structure, located on a small island in between the waters of the Lake Drwęckie and the River Drwęca. The castle was hit by a fire during a Lithuanian raid in 1381. It had a rectangular ground plan, a court in its middle and a moat surrounding the monument. Its front wing containing the gateway was, just like two other side wings, the commander's domicile. 

Soon afterwards a new brick castle was built. During the wars of the Teutonic Order, this was a strategic site. The access point from the east of the castle was by a bridge, which led to a granite gate. The castle was surrounded by the village where served means for keeping storage, brewery and a forge. Getting ready for the new war with the…
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