Windmills - perfect combination of beauty and power

Post mill from Jażewnica (1876), open air museum in Wdzydze Kiszewskie, Poland 

A windmill is a mill that converts the energy of wind into rotational energy by means of vanes called sails or blades. The first windwheel was used in the Babylon for the irrigation project in the seventeenth century BCE. The earliest certain reference to a windmill in Europe dates from 12th century.

Post mill from Grzmucin (1921), open air museum in Tokarnia, Poland

The earliest windmills were used to grind cereals, but since the first half of the fourteenth century in the Netherlands were used to drain polders. In later years wind energy was used to paint mixing, crushing of rocks, cutting of wood etc. The majority of modern windmills take the form of wind turbines used to generate electricity, or windpumps used to pump water, either for land drainage or to extract groundwater.

"Stawa Młyn" (1873-1874) - beacon  in the shape of windmill in Świnoujście, Poland

Poland is blessed with a veritable wealth of mill, many sadly in varying states of decay. The most popular windmill type in Poland is the smock mill, on which only the cap is rotated rather than the whole body of the mill. It is named as "holender" ("Dutch windmill"). Another very common type of windmill in Poland is the post mill. There is the earliest type of European windmill, and in Poland is known as "koźlak". The whole body of that mill that houses the machinery is mounted on a single vertical post, around which it can be turned to bring the sails into the wind.

Smock mill from Brusy (1876), open air museum in Wdzydze Kiszewskie, Poland

Poland has a lot of open-air museums (known as "skansen"), many of which have a windmill among their exhibits.



The interior of the smock mill from Brusy (1876), open air museum in Wdzydze Kiszewskie, Poland





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Comments

  1. Wow! These photos are awesome. So is your history lesson. Well done.

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  2. Wspaniałe zdjęcia - nigdy nie miałam okazji zobaczyć na żywo

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  3. I knew nothing. Now I know a lot. Thank you.

    https://readerbuzz.blogspot.com/2016/11/cactus-bloom.html

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  4. Beautiful photos of gorgeous windmills

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  5. Windmills are so cool. It was neat seeing the ones in Poland. Thanks for linking on Amanda's Books and More!

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  6. Love the photos! Beautiful!

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  7. I don't think I have seen the inside of one of these before. Really great images!

    Mersad
    Mersad Donko Photography

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  8. glad you showed pics of the mechanical bits of them, it's nice to know how things work.

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  9. My husband and I went to Holland, Michigan and were lucky enough to see inside a windmill. This photographs you took are fantastic!

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  10. Beautiful windmills! Never seen inside one. The pics are very informative

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  11. It's very, very interesting for me. I make paper artwork for children in an old mill in Thierhaupten. Look here if you like
    http://www.klostermuehlenmuseum.de/papierwerkstatt.php

    Greetings from Augsburg

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  12. Great job of showcasing the windmills! Have a great day!

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  13. Your photos are beautiful! Thanks for linking up for Wordless Wednesday.

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  14. A wonderful post! Thanks.

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  15. There is something about windmills that speaks to people. You sure have a variety here and I love that you show some of the internal workings.

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  16. A fascinating post, and your photos are gorgeous! Thank you so much for sharing. I love your photography. :)

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  17. Fabulous photos of the different windmills. I visited the white one in 2013.
    Best regards, Synnöve

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  18. So fascinating. Thanks for the tour.

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  19. Wonderful photos, I love old windmils like this :]

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  20. These are fantastic images of such stunning Windmills!

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  21. I loved all the windmills in Europe. Great shots.

    Lisa @ LTTL

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  22. These are charming and beautiful windmills. Oh blessed you are to capture them digitally! Thanks for the delightful share and what a pleasure it is to meet you through Skywatch Friday!

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  23. Those windmills look very interesting, much different to what we have. The museums sound interesting, I'd enjoy looking around, that is for sure.

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  24. These are stunning photographs. You got some wonderful shots. (Photo Friday)

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  25. I find windmills so calming to look at. I didn't realize that Poland had windmills to, so thanks for expanding my world knowledge.

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  26. What a great post! So interesting to learn about the windmills. We have one in Jerusalem but it is considered a folly - not enough wind here.

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  27. The windmill really has stood the test of time, I love the internal photos too

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  28. So many beautiful windmills. They are fascinating #MySundayPhoto

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  29. They sound so interesting and your photos are really beautiful. I'd love to see the inside of one!

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  30. Windmills are fascinating. The photos are wonderful.

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  31. Your windmill photos are wonderful. These amazing machines are creative and a testament to human ingenuity through the ages.

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  32. There was a windmill in the small town I lived as a child in Holland. Never saw the inside till three years ago, I visited Kinderdijk with a Dutch blogger, where at least 12 windmills are. The interior you showed is in much better condition than the one we saw! The second windmill is so cute! A pity, that not in Holland they have all the modern ones (very unromantic:) ) Thank you so much for sharing the windmill experience with SEASONS! Have a great week! Do you have in Poland something like a Thanksgiving day?

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    Replies
    1. Thanksgiving Day in Poland is a religious festival. It is celebrated on the first Sunday of June.

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  33. interesting post with beautiful shots

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  34. Very nice photos from "your" mills. #throughyourlens

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  35. Lovely windmill shots - looks like we have a similar subject for this weeks #MySundayPhoto

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  36. Interesting history And excellent pictures. These windmills performed the tasks well and are much more pleasing to the eye than the giant wind turbines of today. The museums look very interesting ... there is fine craftsmanship displayed!

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  37. Great history and terrific photos, especially of the machinery in the windmills. Fine post.

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  38. beautiful windmill and perfect day indeed

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  39. There is something wonderful about windmills as your great photos show. I think it is the production side combine with the grace of the sails and the beauty on the landscape, and just love the gentle noise they make too!
    Very nice to meet you!
    Wren x

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  40. These are just wonderful! I love windmills and make sure I see some when I visit different countries where they are found.
    Thank you for linking up with the Travel Tuesday meme, hope to see you again there this week.

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  41. Windmills are fascinating, aren't they?

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  42. Wow, Your windmills and the history of them is awesome. Your photos are totally interesting.
    Thank you for sharing this post with Blue Monday.

    Jeanne

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  43. Wauu.. how very lovely windmills. I don't see them here in Finland very often.
    I like this post.
    Hugs

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  44. Uwielbiam wiatraki i wszędzie je podziwiam :)

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  45. These are lovely photos of wonderful mills. I love all the history in them.

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