Fortified Church in Hărman, Romania


There are 25 UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Romania. Seven of this list are Saxon villages in southern Transylvania. They are dominated by their fortified churches, which illustrate building styles from the 13th to the 16th century. One of them is Hărman Fortified Church. I have already presented the beautiful village of Viscri, which houses one of the fortified churches - also listed on the UNESCO list (click to read my article about Viscri). The church in Hărman is just as beautiful and it displays the typical characteristics of a fortified church. The village of Hărman (Honigburg in German, meaning Honey Castle) is located some 10 km east of Brașov, in the Burzenland region of southeastern Transylvania. When visiting Brașov, you must visit Hărman (and Prejmer too) (click to read my article about Medieval fortifications in Brașov). 



Hărman was established and long inhabited mainly by Transylvanian Saxons. The church at Hărman dates back to 1240 when Saxons built the original structure. The fortifications were built to protect the village from attacks by the Ottomans and originally included three walls. Strong walls and bulwarks surrounded the church and on its sides, massive towers were added. The belfry tower was added in the 14thcentury, and the walls were constructed in the 15th century. Only two walls remain, an outer wall at 4.5 meters high and an inner wall about 12 meters high. Although the fortifications lost their defensive capacity as early as the 18th century, they continued to serve as places for secure storage and safe keeping. 



The complex’s ability to defend itself is based upon the formerly tripartite circular wall with fortified towers, a circumferential moat, and a strongly fortified gate. and the fortifications retain part of the interior living and storage rooms along the walls. 



The Church of St. Nikolaus located in the centre of defence structure has retained the appearance of a 13th-century Romanesque triple-nave basilica. The church is unfortified. The choir in the church was built in a square shape with a vault resembling a cross. It was surrounded by two chapels. The south chapel has been preserved in its initial state while the north chapel was rebuilt in the 15th century. The exterior vaults of the chapel are sculptured in stone and have a human face at each end. 



The Baroque altar was completed in 1787 and the wooden pulpit in late 18th century.  The women’s benches of 1753 constitute a unique feature in the central nave. They are made without backrests from pine tree trunks and were designated for married women, who could not lean back on account of their attire.



You can see the beautiful interior of the Chapel Tower. There is well preserved original 15th-century chapel painting. The painting presents a cohesive didactic image toward eternal salvation, which opens the door to immortality to those who have died. The original chapel building was integrated into the 13th-century oval wall that had already surrounded the Romanesque church. In the 15th-century the chapel was expanded into a fortified tower. 



The fortified Church in Hărman, is a jewel among the Saxon fortified churches. Walls were repeatedly repaired and survived over centuries until the present day. The fortified complex still close to its original state. Visitors have access to some of the interior living spaces within the fortifications, as well as the walkway around the wall.



You might also like other articles about beautiful places in  Romania (click to see)


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This post is linked at: 
    The Weekly Postcard

Comments

  1. Wow! Your photos are awesome. Very interesting place to explore.

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  2. Wonderful post.. always look forward to them!

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  3. The fortified church looks beautiful, I didn't know Romania had so many UNESCO sites! Can't wait to explore!

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  4. I'm loving the information and photos here, I'm a bit of a medieval freak myself and love the read books about it.

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  5. Wonderful place, perfect captures, and lots of great information. Your posts remind me of how little I know about that part of the world. Thanks for what you do.

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  6. I really like your posts about fortified churches. The architecture and details are beautiful. 25 UNESCO sites are a lot! I would love to discover them all.

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  7. Great photography. What a lovely histic place to explore and to learn about. Nice blue skies too!

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  8. Magnificent blue skies and amazing architecture. I've never been to Romania, but maybe I should put it on my list. Thanks for sharing :D

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  9. What a wonderful building site. Love that you shared the history of this place. Excellent photos you share. Can just imagine walking around that place. :)

    Peabea@Peabea Scribbles

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  10. Bardzo ciekawie opisałeś to miejsce i są oczywiście wspaniałe zdjęcia. Pomysłowi byli wykonawcy z ławkami bez oparć. Niestety Rumunia nie jest mi znana osobiście. Pozdrawiam.

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  11. This is a picturesque little village. Even the walls inside the church, though damaged, are beautiful.

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  12. Wow! What a fabulous piece of history!

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  13. What a beautiful place to visit, I love the church it's amazing inside. The country has some great history

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  14. Oh awesome! What a cool location! Too bad our road trip through the Balkans is already planned out otherwise I would have included this! #WanderfulWednesday (www.caliglobetrotter.com)

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  15. So much beauty! Isn't it odd that the church has a wall around it! But I understand.

    https://readerbuzz.blogspot.com/2017/04/the-moth-night-powerful-storytelling.html

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  16. Enjoyed the cyber tour of churches in Romania, which I would love to explore someday.

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  17. Wow, it looks like it came straight from a movie set! I had no clue Romania has so many World Heritage Sites!

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  18. Amazing. Loved this post and your gorgeous photos. I would love to see this in person someday.

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  19. Es un lugar impresionante, se respira espiritualidad y ademas está muy bien consevado.
    Saludos.

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  20. great photos. and your explanations are always great - not too but with enough information to get a picture.

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  21. Great photos, and interesting information about the benches for the married women and not being able to lean back!

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  22. Wow, what a hidden gem! I'd never heard of this fortress but it's absolutely stunning!!

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  23. Hello, beautiful place. I love the church both inside and out are lovely. Happy Thursday!, enjoy your day and the weekend ahead!

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  24. Beautiful architecture

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  25. Wonderful sense of history and beauty throughout this post. Thanks for sharing!!

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  26. Lovely! Thank you for sharing!

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  27. I've always wanted to visit Romania ever since I was a kid, I already know how beautiful this country is! Thank you for sharing us these gorgeous photos!

    Steve

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  28. Fascinating post and stunning photos.

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  29. Wow! Truly amazing place

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  30. Each scene is so intriguing. The building designs and colour - both interior and exterior - are stunning and beautiful. Wonderful photos.

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  31. ...a wonderful step back in time!

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  32. What a fascinating place. WOW! There is just so much history in this one place. Thanks so much for your beautiful photos and sharing them with us.

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  33. Happy to read this again! Thanks for linking up with #TheWeeklyPostcard! (www.caliglobetrotter.com)

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  34. I did not know that structures like this existed. A brilliant design for its time. The church and town inside the walls are in beautiful condition.

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  35. Excellent photography of these amazing sites! Thanks for linking in to #wkendtravelinspiration!

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  36. Beautiful photos and such an interesting complex. Looks like a fun place to explore. Thanks for sharing with us on #TheWeeklyPostcard!

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  37. Oh my..look at that beautiful church! I really love the murals. It's precious! No wonder it becomes one of the UNESCO World Heritage site

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