Inowłódz


Inowłódz is one of the oldest towns in Poland. It lies in central Poland, approximately 60 km south-east of the regional capital Łódź. It ist located on the banks of Pilica river. The river was the border between two historic provinces of Poland - Lesser Poland and the Land of Łęczyca. Furthermore, a few kilometres to the northeast lies the province of Mazovia. The Inowłódz river crossing was an important element of an international merchant route from Torun towards the Kingdom of Hungary. 


The history of Inowłódz

Inowłódz was first mentioned in documents from 1145 but the village was granted town rights in the mid-14th century. In 1370, the town was surrounded by a defensive wall, and a stronghold was built. For the first time, the castle is mentioned in the 14th-century chronicle as a fortress founded by the Casimir III the Great (Kazimierz III Wielki). Casimir III the Great was the Polish king from the Piast dynasty - the first historical ruling dynasty of Poland. Castle origin dates back to 1356-1366. The Inowłódz castle was a part of the defensive system of the Kingdom of Poland. It protected the ford (crossing) over the river Pilica and customs chamber located on the trade route.


Inowłódz quickly developed, and in the 14th and 15th centuries was an important centre of brewing and grain commerce. The period of prosperity ended during the Swedish invasion of Poland in the 1650s when castle and town were destroyed by Swedish soldiers.  After the Partitions of Poland, the town belonged to the area controlled by Russian Empire, and following the January Uprising, lost its town charter in 1870.


In the late 19th century, Inowłódz became a spa, popular among residents of Łódź and Warsaw. The development of the Inowłódz spa ended during World War I, when the village was almost completely destroyed. During the Word War II the area of the village once again saw heavy fighting, between the German Wehrmacht and the Polish Army. 

The former town of Inowłódz, today is a village in Tomaszów Mazowiecki County, Łódź Voivodeship. There are some very important historical monuments in Inowłodz. 


Romanesque church of Saint Giles

The most important historical monument in Inowłodz is a beautiful Romanesque church. The history of Roman Catholic church of Saint Giles probably dates back to the year 1082. Most likely, however, the church was founded during the reign of king Boleslaus III Wrymouth (Boleslaw III Krzywousty), in the 1130s. In 1520, the church of St. Michael was built, which brought about the decline of the Saint Giles church. In 1790, the ancient church was renovated, but three years later, it was ransacked by Prussian soldiers and turned into a grain storage. The Saint Giles church was completely renovated in the 1930s. 



Reconstructed Piast castle

The next tourist attraction of Inowłódz is the reconstructed Piast castle. The castle was destroyed during the Swedish invasion in the mid 17th century. At the beginning of the 21st century, some parts of the castle have been restored and reconstructed. The project was implemented with financial support from the European Union. The reconstructed castle is a seat for municipal institutions such as a cultural house, a library, a tourist information point and the Museum of Inowłódz.



Former synagogue

At the banks of Pilica river is located former synagogue. It was erected at the beginning of the 19th century. During World War II its interiors were completely destroyed by the Germans. After the war, the building was used as a warehouse for many years. Between 1978-82 it underwent major repairs so that it could be used as the local library. Currently, the building houses a library and there are several shops on the lower floor. Unfortunately, only some fragments of polychromic floral decorations and Hebrew inscriptions remained on the walls.



You might also like other articles about most beautiful Polish castles, palaces and fortresses (click to read)
 Click to see most beautiful castles nad palaces in Poland

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    The Weekly Postcard

Comments

  1. Wonderful---- as always. Thanks.

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  2. Wspaniałe miejsce do zwiedzania

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  3. Impressed by the church of Saint Giles with its rounded bells tower

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  4. Did the town ever revive it's glory days as a spa town? Thanks for linking up with #TheWeeklyPostcard!

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  5. yes I can quite imagine medieval life there :-)

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  6. Inowłódz has a very interesting history and nor surprising similar to many of the fortresses in Eastern Europe. It seems you had a perfect weather when you visited it. #TheWeeklyPostcard

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  7. Wow - what sublime photos!

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  8. Przepiękna relacja z niezwykłego miasteczka.
    Kościółek romański, prawdziwa perełka.
    Pozdrawiam:)

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  9. Ten kościółek jest unikatowy.
    Świetna relacja z tego przepięknego miejsca.
    Pozdrawiam:)*

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  10. Great photos of some woderful churhes and places you visited

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  11. All the destruction thru wars is sad but you beautifully captured the ruins

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  12. Beautiful buildings all very much worth saving! Appreciate the history you added. The synagogue is special - there are probably not many in Europe restored that you know of? Many thanks for posting these beautiful views and history for All Seasons:) Have a lovely week

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  13. ...so beautiful against the blue sky.

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  14. So amazing! Thanks for linking up!

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  15. Thank you for your photos and history lesson on these buildings. Most interesting. They do look ancient.

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  16. Poland looks like a very beautiful place which such amazing history ~ great photos and post ~ thanks,

    Wishing you a Happy Week ~ ^_^

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  17. You have some amazing history in your country and I'm so glad that you share it with us! These are some fantastic photos of this historic place.

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  18. Great images - so much history.

    SM

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  19. Love the variety of buildings in your posts. Once again, these are fascinating - especially the history behind the library.

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  20. Gorgeous images here. This looks like a marvelous place to visit.
    Thanking you for dropping by this week's linkup to share at http://image-in-ing.blogspot.com/2017/04/elvis-sighting-in-israel.html

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  21. Really interesting history there.

    Mollyx

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  22. Such beautiful pictures and such a pretty place. I so want to visit Poland and I just love the history. Thanks so much for linking up #MondayEscapes x

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  23. I enjoy learning about your country through the history you share here on your blog. Great photo sharing :)

    Peabea@Peabea Scribbles

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  24. Thank you for taking a close look at all these lovely places!

    https://readerbuzz.blogspot.com/2017/04/blood-and-bruises.html

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  25. Wonderful pictures of religious places combined with rich history.

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  26. Cudowne kadry! Miejsce zachwycające swoją malowniczością, koniecznie muszę się tam kiedyś wybrać. :)

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  27. Wonderful photos! Inowłódz looks like such an interesting place for history lovers and explorers! Thanks for sharing #TheWeeklyPostcard

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  28. What a beautiful church! Oddly enough, we were just commenting on another blog about all of the destinations in Poland that we've seen lately. Such a beautiful country, and all of these posts are really tempting us! Thanks for sharing on #TheWeeklyPostcard.

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  29. Really good photos and fascinating history. Thanks for linking up to #MondayEscapes

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