Esztergom - the cradle of Hungarian statehood


The small town of Esztergom sitting on the Danube bank in Hungary played an important role in the establishment of the Hungarian state. Esztergom is one of the oldest towns in Hungary.  As a royal seat for two centuries and as a centre for the Roman Catholic religion for 1000 years it abounds Esztergom historic and cultural sights. The symbol of Esztergom is the impressive basilica. Primatial Basilica of the Blessed Virgin Mary Assumed Into Heaven and St Adalbert is the largest church in Hungary. The building has imposing sizes: height of 100 m, and the inner diameter of the cupola - 33,5 m.


The building of the present church took place on the foundation of several earlier churches which were built in this place from 10th to 19th centuries. The Basilica was built according to the plans of Pál Kühnel, János Páckh and József Hild. The foundation stone was laid in 1822 and the building of the Basilica took 47 years. During the construction of the Basilica, builders dug down as far as the bedrock in the hill to ensure the stability of the building. The walls in the crypt supporting the dome are 17 metres thick!


The 1856 consecration ceremonies featured the premiere of the Missa solennis zur Einweihung der Basilika in Gran (Gran Mass), composed and conducted by Franz Liszt, and featuring the organist Alexander Winterberger. The final completion of the cathedral took place twelve years later. The keystone was laid in 1869.



The interior of the Basilica contains the Chapel, built in the 16th century. Italian masters built the chapel from red marble for archbishop Tamás Bakócz in 1506-07. The chapel was placed to its present location in a brilliantly executed operation: it was sawn to 1600 pieces, then reassembled in its new location like a huge jigsaw puzzle and it became the left-hand side chapel of the Basilica.


Inside basilica is the world's largest altarpiece (size: 13 X 6,5 m) made by Grigoletto. The artist painted on a single canvas the vision of the ascension of Madonna.


The organ in Esztergom Basilica was constructed in 1856 and is the largest in Hungary and third largest organ in Europe. Organ concerts attract many visitors.


The crypt built in ancient Egyptian style is the burial place of archbishops of Esztergom. The stairs to the right of the main altar lead you to the Treasury displaying some extraordinary pieces of goldsmith's art. Several artworks of the Treasury used to be the property of the Royal Treasury and they were probably handed over to the Archbishop of Esztergom by donation. That is how, among other things, the Matthias Calvary, the larger and the smaller drinking horns of King Sigismund, the drinking horn Corvinus, the Chasuble of Fojnica, the small rock crystal salt cellar, later converted into a relic holder, came into the possession of the Treasury.

Model of the Basilica Hill

You can visit the Panorama Hall on the second floor of the Basilica, to see the large model based on the plans of the whole building complex there. According to the original plans, the Basilica and the adjoining buildings were to have taken up the whole Castle Hill.

Panorama Hall. View of the Danube and the Maria Valeria Bridge connecting Esztergom with Sturovo (Slovakia)

You can also climb the large dome of the basilica. From the top of the dome, visitors can see a breath-taking view of neighbourhood of Esztergom

Basilica Hill

Primates' Palace and St. Ignatius Parish Church

Stepping out the interior of the basilica admire the view of the Danube and the Maria Valeria Bridge connecting Esztergom with Sturovo (Párkány) in Slovakia. Between the Danube and the basilica hill stretches the cityscape of Watertown (Víziváros) with its two-towered Baroque church dominates the vista. There is the Keresztény Museum (Christian Museum) in the neo-Renaissance Primates' Palace (Prímási Palota) on Mindszenty Square. The museum's rich collection includes paintings by Renaissance Italian masters.

Esztergom Basilica and the Royal Palace
Esztergom Basilica and the Royal Palace,  a view from the Víziváros (Watertown)

The main square of the town is the Széchényi square. Of the several buildings of Baroque, Rococo and Classicism style, there is one that catches everyone’s eyes: the Town Hall.

Old Seminary

Baroque church of Sorrowful Virgin

Another important monument in the city is the former synagogue and the Baroque church of Sorrowful Virgin on the top of the hill.


Former Synagogue

The former Synagogue of Esztergom was built in 1888 in a Moorish-Romantic style. The building now houses the Technical House. In the neighbourhood of the Basilica are the reconstructed remains of the former royal palace founded by Prince Géza, father of King St. Stephen. Today, the building is home to a museum.

Basilica

Primate Cellar - Tourism and Wine-cultural Centre under the Basilica Hill

St. Stephen's Coronation Statue

You can also read other articles about Hungary (click)

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This post is linked at: 

 The Weekly Postcard

Comments

  1. Beautiful photography! Have a great 2017!

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  2. What a gorgeous building! Thanks for linking up.

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  3. I went here last year! Loved the Basilica and the views. Didn't have a lot of time to wander around, so, would like to go back another day. Happy new year!

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  4. Stunning photos! It's absolutely beautiful
    Thanks for sharing at http://image-in-ing.blogspot.com/2017/01/church-of-primacy-of-peter.html, and have a great year in 2017

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  5. I would love to be there---- Thanks for giving me the next best thing. Beautiful pictures, wonderful places.

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  6. Beautiful cathedral and all the details you showed. Liszt is one of my favorite composers:) What an operation it must have been been to put all the pieces in a different place (I can't imagine the stress!) This cathedral is a worthy announcement of the New Year - wishing you the best for 2017:)
    Just a kind reminder, that ALL SEASONS is this week back to the normal link up times: from Sunday through Wednesday evening 7 pm, Pacific time.

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  7. Kolejne wspaniałe miejsce:) Wszystkiego najlepszego w Nowym Roku:)

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  8. Truly Amazing.
    Great pics.

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  9. Another fascinating post. Your images are exquisite!

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  10. The Basilica is gorgeous and the paintings so beautiful.

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  11. Wow! Magnificent photos!

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  12. Wow - fabulous photos!

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  13. Bardzo dobre fotografie wnętrza.

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  14. Heisann!
    Thank you for the interesting story and the brilliant photos of the basilika and the guided tour around the town.
    Appreciate you visit on my blog. Have a nice day ;:OD)

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  15. Dziękuję za piękne pokazanie miejsca, które i ja podziwiałam, ale sporo lat temu. Pozdrawiam.

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  16. Oh wow, awesome photographs of an unknown place to me. Thank you so much for sharing your post, what a magnificent place and some wonderful doors too.

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  17. Ah ... really amazing photos. I like the way you took some photos.

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  18. Thank you so much for linking this beautiful basilica to All SEASONS - I am thrilled!Your view of the Ignatius Parish church with all the different styles of building periods shows that once this was a rich area. Since the seminary was so big, must have been because there was much interest in ministerial service:) Have a great rest of the week.

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  19. Prześliczne fotografie

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  20. Thank you for bringing back memories. I visited the lace in 2009.

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  21. Hello, what a lovely tour. The basilica is just beautiful. Happy Thursday, enjoy your day and the weekend ahead!

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  22. A great tour of a beautiful and historic city! Happy 2017!!

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  23. gosh that is an old building, it's nice to see it's been well looked after :-)

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  24. Wspaniałe miejsce do zwiedzania i fantastyczna fotorelacja !
    Wszystkiego najlepszego w Nowym Roku !
    Pozdrawiam z Lubelskiego !

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  25. What a gorgeous building and such lovely shot of it.

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  26. The basilica is impressive both in size and beauty. Thanks for the photos.

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  27. Beautiful structures. The interiors are amazing.

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  28. I love the funky fish-eye view of the main entrance in the first shots - nicely done.

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  29. What a beautiful Basilica! I've never heard of this town but I would definitely love to explore more of Hungary as we absolutely fell in love with Budapest! #Wkendtravelinspiration
    (www.caliglobetrotter.wordpress.com)

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  30. Gorgeous buildings and love basilica and St Stephen's sculpture ~ wonderful photography of them ~ thanks

    Wishing you a Happy and Healthy New Year ~ ^_^

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  31. Fantastyczne zdjęcia a to drugie po prostu super!

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  32. Beautiful shots! What a remarkable place!

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  33. I had not heard of this town so thanks for sharing on #TheWeeklyPostcard. That basilica is really impressive, love the architecture and all the details.

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  34. Pięknie, kuszą mnie te Węgry i zawsze jakiś inny kierunek wybieramy...

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  35. The inside of that building is truly magnificent

    mollyxxx

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  36. Totally stunning photographs

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  37. WOOOOW Przepiękne!!!
    Miałam w planach ubiegłorocznych z braku czasu zrezygnowałam. Teraz wiem jak wiele straciłam. Bardzo dziękuję za przybliżenie tego zjawiskowego miejsca.
    Serdecznie pozdrawiam:)

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  38. Great work.. Beautiful pictures.. Cheers

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  39. Absolutely gorgeous photographs! I had never heard of Esztergom before your post. It looks beautiful. Thanks for linking up with #wkendtravelinspiration!

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  40. so beautiful, I'd love to visit.

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  41. Stunning photos all of them!!!

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  42. Wonderful post - brilliant photography!
    Happy Sunday!

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  43. ...so many lovely views.

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  44. It is stunningly beautiful there -- the blue skies, the interesting architecture. So interesting to see the full model ..... And best of all I learned something new -- my world history knowledge is sadly lacking and this is such a beautiful way to learn -- you make a great tour guide.

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  45. Wow! This is such a beautiful place and your photos are fantastic! I can just imagine the acoustics during an organ recital. That little church on the hill looks like a humble little place of worship.

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  46. Because Jeanne at Backyard Neighbor has no Internet for the foreseeable future, I invite you to post your “blues” at Blue Monday 2. Links only, no previews, but we’ll have a lot of fun until Jeanne can get back online. Hope to see you soon!

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  47. Beautifully done. Feels like you've just taken me on a personal tour. Thanks.

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  48. Magnificent place and you do it justice with your photography!
    Thanks for taking part in the Travel Tuesday meme. Happy New Year!

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  49. such a beautiful series of photos indeed! I love all those architectural landscape...Great shots!

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  50. Those are spectacular photos of spectacular landscapes. Thanks for sharing them, as i might not be able to see them in person.

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  51. I’ve had trouble with the Blue Monday 2 blog. It is not accepting links. So, until Jeanne of Backyard Neighbor is able to return, please post your Blue Monday links at Magical Mystical Teacher each Monday. The first link is here:
    https://magicalmysticalteacher.wordpress.com/2017/01/16/blue-monday/

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  52. Such a pretty area. There are so many details in the churches there and the location is absolutely gorgeous! Looks like you went on a nice day. :)

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