"The Great Synagogue" in Tykocin, Poland
"The Great Synagogue" in Tykocin is the second biggest synagogue in Poland (after Krakow), and one of the oldest in our country. The synagogue established in 1642, was thoroughly restored in the late 1970s. The impressive synagogue that has survived until today was built in the place of a wooden temple from the 15th century, in the centre of the Jewish district – Kaczorowo.
The stone building in the late-Renaissance-Baroque style was based on a rectangular ground plan, size: 18 x 18 m. From three sides the building is adjacent to one-storey extensions, which housed two women's galleries and a vestibule, which was the seat of the cheder as well as a meeting room for the court and kehilla. The rectangular prayer hall is located lower than the vestibule. The two-storey bimah, located in the centre, is surrounded by four pillars that converge, becoming a support for the ceiling. On the east wall, there is a stone frame of the Torah ark, while the remaining walls contained polychromies with Hebrew inscriptions as well as images of plants and animals. The historic wall paintings, most of which are decorative texts of Hebrew prayers, were restored in the 1970s. Inside the Synagogue, we can see a lot of Judaic items.
There is also the Talmudic House (the small Synagogue/Bet Midrash - study and prayer hall) which is aside from the Great Synagogue. It houses a permanent exhibition about Zygmunt Gloger, small old pharmacy and temporary artistic exhibition. In the building, there is also a restaurant “Tejsza” serving Jewish cuisine.
A few kilometres east of Tykocin in the small farm in Pentowo the European Storks Village (see the previous post) is located. Little farther - in small village Kiermusy - the Centre of protection of the European bison is located.
You can read articles about Podlasie region:
- Supraśl - the pearl of Podlasie region
- Supraśl Lavra - important site of Orthodox culture in Poland
- Kruszyniany - Tatar village where Muslims, Catholics and Orthodox live together
- Pentowo - European Stork Village
- "The Great Synagogue" in Tykocin, Poland