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Showing posts from October, 2014

Golden Polish Autumn

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Golden Polish autumn – that’s the phrase commonly used to describe this season. In September and October the weather is often beautiful, sunny and warm. During this month a total change of colors takes place. Only coniferous trees retain their green color, other than that, the green disappears and gives place to bronze, red and yellow tones which create unique autumn aura. It is time to celebrate and enjoy the colors.





Mandarin Orange Monday - ABC Wednesday

Through the mist

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Misty beech forest #2

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Misty beech forest #1

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Carpathian beech forests

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The Carpathians are reknown for their relatively large percentage of natural and semi-natural forests, occurring either in higher elevations or in areas of rugged topography with very limited access. Almost all natural and semi-natural forests of the Western Carpathians are now protected in nature reserves and national parks. The montane zone, between 600 and 1100 m in the north and between 650 and 1450 m in the south is dominated by two major species: European beech (Fagus sylvatica) and silver fir (Abies alba). In most areas beech is mixed with silver fir, Norway spruce (Picea abies), and sycamore (Acer pseudoplatanus). Nearly pure Carpathian beech forests (Fagetum carpaticum) dominate the montane zone in some mountain ranges in the Western and Eastern Carpathians (Bukovské Vrchý, Bieszczady). (See: Wordwildlife)

Autumn in the Polish Jura

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Charzykowskie Lake (continuation)

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Road to the top of Germany

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The Zugspitze, at 2,962 m above sea level, is the highest mountain in Germany. The Zugspitze was first climbed on 27 August 1820 by Josef Naus, his survey assistant, Maier, and mountain guide, Johann Georg Tauschl. In our times three cable cars run to the top of the Zugspitze. One of them is the Bavarian Zugspitze Railway. From Eibsee (it lies south of the town of Garmisch-Partenkirchen) a rack railway runs inside the northern flank of the mountain and ends on the Zugspitzplatt, from where a second cable car takes passengers to the top (Wikipedia).

Mountain forest

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Temperate coniferous forests are common in temperate regions of the world, i.a. in the mountain areas in Europe. In forests, evergreen conifers predominate, while some are a mix of conifers and broadleaf evergreen trees and/or broadleaf deciduous trees. The forests of the Carpathians displays a pronounced zonation: the foothills are mostly covered by mixed deciduous forests. The montane zone, between 600 and 1100 m (in the north) is dominated by European beech (Fagus sylvatica), silver fir (Abies alba), and Norway spruce (Picea abies). The subalpine zone (1100-1400 m in the north) consists of almost pure Norway spruce forests. Stone pine (Pinus cembra) occurs at the alpine timberline in the highest mountain ranges of the Carpathians. Above timberline, (1400 m in the northwestern Carpathians), there is a distinct krummholz zone consisting of dense thickets of mountain pine (Pinus mugo). Above the krummholz zone occur lush alpine meadows, except on the highest peaks in the Tatras, whic…

Crepuscular rays

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